Please find attached the latest HSE bulletin which details some points to consider when reopening as lockdown measures ease.
What do we know?
In our current COVID world, there has been a concerning sharp spike of ground falls in UK climbing centres post lockdown one.
In one seven-day period, in the latter part of 2020, we had reports of the equivalent number of these incidences that we would usually expect in a ‘normal’ year.
After extensive discussions, the authors of this piece decided that scrutiny of these Incidents and Accidents was prudent to learn lessons for the future. The authors looked at the wearing of masks in climbing centres, and the accident data respectively.
About the Authors: Joby Maw Davis is a Full AMI member and holds the Winter Mountaineering and Climbing Instructor qualification. He is a Technical advisor for a lot of the major climbing walls in the UK. He is also a Technical expert for NICAS and the Association of British Climbing Walls as well as a provider for many of the Mountain Training National Governing Body awards.
Libby Peter is a Full Mountain Guide and a Member of the British Mountain Guides. Between them their technical knowledge of rock climbing both indoors and outdoors is unsurpassed 😊. Neither of them “work” (i.e. are paid) by AMI. This article and research was done independent of AMI but AMI both support it and back it.
Possible explanations could be:
- Climbers who have taken a break from climbing may have rusty skills (Skills fade posh term)
- The past year has been rough; we can all agree on that. More people may be mentally and emotionally exhausted than an average year.
- People are excited to return to their hobbies, but are they prepared?
- All the noted accidents and incidents involved lead climbing (belaying).
- They all resulted in ground falls of varying seriousness.
- Climbers and belayers involved were not novices and had climbed at the centre they were in at the time of the occurrence numerous times since the end of lockdown one.
- Accidents and incidents occurred generally in the first half of the route attempted.
What are the variables that have the potential to cause climbers / belayers issues?
Skills fade – quick confidence gains… then complacency. These incidents have not involved novices.
Amplification of previously ‘just off’ good practice. For example, poor belayer positioning and slack management; this is especially important while the climber is around 2nd-4th clips as lead falls from here require very quick reactions by the belayer to prevent a ground fall. There is a likelihood, if climbers and belayers were operating in a slightly sloppy fashion pre COVID (unconscious incompetence or conscious incompetence), that their skills will have slid somewhat.
Face mask issues
Even the neatest fitting facemask restricts lower peripheral vision. In other words, it is harder to see the ground just in-front of your feet. This leads to more frequent trips and falls (mostly in the elderly), but it also makes it harder to glance down and see what’s going on at your belay device, creating a number of potential problems:
1. Blocks the view of how much slack is out immediately in-front of the belay device. It’s possible to have a loop of slack out (i.e. too much slack) and not realise.
2. Less confidence in making quick adjustments to the amount of slack out (slack management). Some belayers need to look down at the belay device when paying out or taking in.
3. Can’t see trip hazards around feet (such as rope) so might result in the belayer moving around less to adjust slack, or an actual trip.
Poor fitting masks
4. Habitual readjustment of mask as it slips down over nose – means two hands not on the rope.
Belay glasses and masks
5. This combination definitely further limits lower peripheral vision leaving only a slim letter box view.
6. Moving belay glasses into place as leader reaches second or third clip could be even slower with mask on – and may knock the mask out of place leading to point 4 above.
Prescription glasses and masks
Glasses steaming up is a big issue for belayers and leads to a few scenarios, all of which have their own potential impact on effective belaying:
7. Leave steamed up glasses in place and have trouble seeing clearly enough to detect climber movements that might suggest an imminent fall, or to preempt clipping.
8. Take glasses off and, depending on quality of vision without glasses, have trouble seeing as above.
9. Alternate between glasses on and off resulting in two hands not on the rope.
10. Leave glasses on and pull mask down to prevent fogging – and reduce Covid safety.
Some real-life suggestions to help makes your first steps ‘back’, as safe as possible for your and your partner.
Why not treat the first session back as a refresher of all belaying elements?
Take things more slowly than you would do ‘normally’. How about a top-rope before leading if haven’t climbed in a mask on for example?
Make no assumptions about belaying/climbing skills for you and you partners / s
Never forget the lifesaving PARTNER CHECK
Belay device/rope compatibility check, have you purchased new equipment?
Be extra vigilant; remember other’s actions could also impact on you and your partner’s safety.
Communication – revisit with your partner your communication routine, it may well have been some time since you climbed together!
Instructors and coaches
Expect to give more support than normal to your climbers and belayers, remember the operational changes in your sessions will be well drilled for you, but they will be new to your climbers.
Mask education – help clients to develop a mask system that is Covid safe and climb safe.
Have extra vigilance when backing up belaying, it is probably the case that in your centre / organisation you are dealing with this in a more socially distanced fashion.
Be prepared and equipped to intervene quickly if deemed necessary. Have these drills been well practiced amongst staff?
Frame of Reference
Minor Interactions :- Behaviours and or actions that can contribute to the increased chances of any of the above
Near Miss:- An event not causing harm, but has the potential to cause injury or ill health
Incident:- a set of conditions or circumstances that have the potential to cause injury or ill health and could result in damage to equipment and facilities.
Accident:- An event that results in injury or ill health
Many thanks to the authors Joby Maw Davis (AMI) Climbing and Mountain Training http://www.jobymawdavis.co.uk/and Libby Peter (IFMGA Guide)
Test & Trace
- The Government has confirmed that test and trace obligations will resume when the industry reopens from 12 April, including for outdoor use only and to remain in place until at least September.
- In a change to previous requirement, the contact details for all persons in a party must be captured – it is no longer sufficient to have the lead booker only. This means that for pre-booked activities either all contact details must be captured at the point of booking or customers will have to scan a QR code or provide contact details manually on arrival.
- There is an additional requirement for hospitality businesses to take ‘reasonable steps’ to refuse entry to those not providing contact details or scanning the QR code. If reasonable measures to restrict are not successful, it will not be illegal for a customer to enter the premises.
- It is a legal requirement for premises to display the QR code posters – even if they choose to collect data by other means – and they will be sending to businesses w/c 29 March. Businesses in Wales will need to comply with both legal requirements.
- The Government will engage in a media and comms campaign to alert members of the public to the new requirements.
- The requirement to capture contact data applies not just to customers but also staff and visitors (not deliveries) so a record should be kept of staff rotas. Staff are also welcome to scan in.https://www.gov.uk/guidance/maintaining-records-of-staff-customers-and-visitors-to-support-nhs-test-and-trace
Thank you for bearing with us as we discussed with the Supporting Insurers the evidence required to establish a case of Covid-19 being at the premises for cover to be afforded and a claim to be submitted.
Supporting insurers have now agreed that satisfactory proof of any of the following will be accepted as evidence that a staff member or visitor who was at the premises between the 5th and 26th March 2020 had symptoms:-
- Staff sickness record
- GP sickness certificate
- Self certification for absence from work
- Log of a call to GP to report symptoms/seek advice
- GP entry in medical records to confirm symptoms and duration and advice given
- Log of a call to NHS 111 to report symptoms/seek advice
- Admission to Hospital with Covid-19 symptoms
- Positive Covid-19 test result (albeit testing may have been very limited in March 2020)
- A signed witness statement confirming symptoms, length of symptoms and duration of illness period, details of length of absence from work, return date to work and medical assistance sought together with supporting evidence.
You do not need to provide evidence of all of the above; if you produce satisfactory evidence of one, that will suffice.
If you are able to produce evidence to support a case at the premises, please send details to firstname.lastname@example.org so we can process your claim and then seek further information from you regarding financial losses.
Thank you for bearing with us as we engaged with the Mutual’s Supporting Insurers, MS Amlin, regarding the Business Interruption cover following the FCA Test case and the subsequent decision of the Supreme Court. I am very pleased to confirm that we have reached agreement with MSA. Following a constructive discussion with them, we can confirm that the cover wording provided by AIM will provide cover for Business Interruption caused as a result of the lockdown commencing in March 2020, subject to the criteria shown below.
The AIM cover wording requires there to have been a case of the virus “at the premises” which has resulted in restrictions on the use of the premises, on the order or advice of the Government, for the policy to provide cover. Therefore, we confirm that there will be cover in the following circumstances:-
The first lockdown period 26th March 2020 to 4th July 2020
- You must be able to demonstrate a case of Covid-19 at your premises (being the premises as detailed in your policy) between the 5th and 26th March 2020. The 5th March is the date that Covid-19 was classified as a Notifiable Disease and the 26th March was the date the Regulations confirmed the national lockdown.
- If the criteria in 1. above is met, you are able to submit a claim for Business Interruption suffered as a result of the Lockdown from 26 March. That Lockdown ended on 4 July when most businesses were able to re-open. Some businesses were, of course, able to re-open before 4 July. In either case your loss will be calculated accordingly and the indemnity payable will reflect the period of closure and the effect of re-opening although, of course, the overall indemnity will reflect losses suffered throughout the relevant Period of Indemnity.
- If you had a case of Covid-19 at the premises after the 26th March and before the 4th July 2020, this case cannot be said to have caused the lockdown as it was already in force.
The second lockdown period 5th November to 29th December 2020 and third lockdown January 2021 to March 2021
- In respect of the second lockdown from the 5th November 2020 to the 29th December 2020, and subsequent third lockdown period from January 2021 to March 2021, if you had a case of Covid-19 at your premises as specified in your policy schedule, in sufficient proximity to the start of the second and third lockdown periods, then there may be cover for losses suffered in the second and third lockdown periods.
Ongoing restrictions on Residential Centres
We fully appreciate that some of our Members have been unable to reopen or resume residential visits and residential activities due to ongoing restrictions by the Department for Education. There may be cover beyond the 4th July 2020 for such situations, while those restrictions continue.
Exclusion Clause from 26th March 2020
MSA placed an exclusion clause on the BI wording relating to Covid-19 from the 26th March 2020. Therefore any policies which renewed and any new policies starting after the 26th March 2020 contain the exclusion and cover would not be available. Therefore you may have cover for the first but not for any subsequent lockdown periods.
If you consider that you are able to meet the above criteria, we invite you to submit details of your claim to email@example.com. Due to the likely volume of the claims and their complexity we will be instructing Loss Adjusters to handle the claims for AIM. Further details as to the evidence you will need to show for a case being at your premises and confirmation of what financial documentation is required will be sent out to you.
I hope that for so many of our Members who have been through such a very difficult year that this provides some comfort.
Chair of the AIM Board
AIM was established in 2005 in response to growing demand within the sector for a cost-effective alternative to traditional insurance cover.